Selasa, 26 Agustus 2014
1. Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesi No 14 tahun 2012 tentang Kegaiatan Usaha Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik
2. Peraturan Menteri ESDM Republik Indonesia No 35 tahun 2013 tentang Tatacara Perijinan Usaha Ketenagalistrikan
3. Peraturan Menteri ESDM Republik Indonesia No 10 tahun 2005 tentang Tatacara Perijinan Usaha Ketenagalistrikan Untuk lintas porvinsi atau yang terhubung dengan jaringan transmisi nasional.
4.Undang Undang No 30 tahun 2009 sebagai pengganti Undang-Undang No. 15 Tahun 1985: tentang Ketenagalistrikan
5.Peraturan Pemerintah. Peraturan Pemerintah No. 10 Tahun 1989 : Penyediaan dan Pemanfaatan Tenaga Listrik. Peraturan Pemerintah No. 3 Tahun 2005 : Perubahan Atas Peraturan Pemerintah No. 10 Tahun 1989. Peraturan Pemerintah No. 26 Tahun 2006 : Perubahan Kedua Atas Peraturan Pemerintah No. 10 Tahun 1989.
6.Keputusan Menteri ESDM No. 1455 K/40/MEM/2000 Tahun 2000 : Pedoman Teknis Penyelenggaraan Tugas Pemerintahan Di Bidang Usaha Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik Untuk Kepentingan Sendiri, Usaha Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik Untuk Kepentingan Umum Dan Usaha Penunjang Tenaga Listrik
7.Peraturan Menteri ESDM. Peraturan Menteri ESDM No. 0045 Tahun 2005 : Instalasi Ketenagalistrikan. Peraturan Menteri ESDM No. 0046 Tahun 2006 : Perubahan Atas Peraturan Menteri ESDM No. 0045 Tahun 2005.
8.Keputusan Dirjen LPE No. 200-12/44/600.4/2003 Tahun 2003 : Tata Cara Penerbitan Sertifikat Laik Operasi Instalasi Tenaga Listrik.
9.Perda Provinsi DKI No. 78 Tahun 2001 : Usaha Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik dan Usaha Penunjang Tenaga Listrik.
10.SK Gubernur DKI Jakarta No. 37 Tahun 2005 : Petunjuk Pelaksanaan Kegiatan Uji Laik Operasi Pembangkit Tenaga Listrik dan Jaringan Distribusi Tenaga Listrik Di Provinsi Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta
Minggu, 06 Juli 2014
Ocean energy is a new type energy for Indonesia, and also for the world. Ocean energy has received a greater attention from universities, government agencies, companies and public.
Among the source of energies, Utilization of renewable energy is very low especially for ocean energy. Indonesia is still depended badly on fossil fuel. The dependency causes loss of many opportunities in development of the country because some fund went to high fuel subsidy.
In recent condition the government has revised energy policies to become more favor for the renewable energy especially for the ocean energy.
There two main objective in the renewable energy (Ocean Energy) implementation are :
1. To increase the energy access Electricity ratio where currently is about 67% , Limited access to electricity is commonly at small islands populations and less developed regions
2. To reduce the oil “addiction” , which takes about 15% of national budget for energy subsidies
The first guide in energy activity in Indonesia is Law No. 30/2007 about Energy. This law should be followed by all stakeholder involved in energy sector. The government in formulating energy policy is working together with the National Energy Council (NEC/DEN) as a think tank body and finally the policy is ratified by the parliament.
Law no . 30 Year 2007 about Energy stated that :
- Renewable energy sources are energy sources produced from sustainable energy resources if manage well , such as geothermal , wind , bioenergy , solar rays , stream and waterfall, and the movement and the temperature differences sealayer ( Article 1 number 6 ) .
- Provision and utilization of renewable energy shall be increased by the government and local authorities ( Article 20 number 4 and Article 21 number 2 ) .
- The provision and use of energy from renewable energy sources can obtain facilities and / or incentives from the government and / or the appropriate local government authority for a certain period of time to achieve its economic value ( Article 20 number 5 , Article 21 number 3 ) .
- The Law also creates a National Energy Council ( NEC ) with an authority to design and formulate a national energy policy on behalf of the GOI but the policy must be endorsed by Parliament .
The second guide in implementation of energy project is Law No. 17/2007 about Long Term Development Planning of Indonesia.
The Republik Indonesia law no 17/2007 on the long-term national development plan year 2005 - 2025 (RPJPN, appendix, chapter IV, section IV.1.6, number 2) mandates the development of ocean energy within the mid-term plan (2010-2014)
The third guide is Presidential Decree No.5 Year 2006 about National Energy Policy (KEN) stipulates that the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources set a National Energy Management Blueprint ( PEN ), which includes among others the management and utilization of energy resources ( Article 4 , number 1 and number 2 letter c ) .
From this presidential decree state that The share of renewable energy is growing :
From 4.3% (in 2005) until 17% (in 2025).
Recently, NEC is reviewing the current energy policy and intends to include the role of ocean enegy in the energy mix of 2010-2050. And we have infomation that in 28 January 2014 the Parliament has ratified revision of national energy policy. It is ratified that contribution from renewable energy become 23 % in 2025 bigger than previous policy (17 %).
Incentif in Ocean Energy
There two type incentif fiscal in renewable energy based on Ministry of Finance Regulation No. 21/2010.
- Income tax incentif:
° Income tax reductions. A renewable energy investor is eligible for net income reduction by 5 per cent of the investment value each year, over a six-year period ° Accelerated depreciation and amortization. This allows investments to be depreciated within 2–10 years, depending on type of asset. This incentive would reduce the income tax paid by the investors and is expected to encourage expansion of investment (Government Regulation No. 1/2007).
° An income tax reduction for foreign investors allows them to pay a rate of only 10 per cent on dividends they receive.
° Compensation for losses for foreign investors. This is available for more than five years and follows certain criteria. VAT on imported goods for producing renewable energy can also be exempted.
- Import duty and VAT facilities:
° Exemptions from import duty for capital goods and machinery, provided that the goods are not available in Indonesia, or that their Indonesian equivalents have unsuitable specifications or are available in insuffcient quantity. While the Decree is specifically directed for renewable energy promotion, the same import duty exemption is also available for power plant development from all other sources of energy. The exemption is valid for two years and can be extended for one more year. Investors need to request the facility by following various procedures and showing required documentation. The incentive can also be requested for activities to increase the capacity of existing power plants.
° Until recently, Indonesia also offered a tax incentive for investors in renewable energy projects that would allow the government to pay for their income tax and VAT for the current year.
Besides that based on Ministry of Finance Regulation No. 154/PMK.011/2008 there is an import duty exemption for goods and machinery in order to build and operate power plant for public purpose.
FEED IN TARIFF
Nowadays The goverment of Indonesia has enacted incentif policies for renewable energy through feed in tarif only for geothermal power plant and photovoltaic power plant.
The scheme based on higher price that can be reach through negotiation. For geothermal it could be maximum 11 cent US$/kwh meanwhile for photovoltaic electricity it could be maximum 18.5 cent US$/kwh depend on location where if it is outside java island the price could be reach the highest price.
According to the new national energy policy that has been ratified by the parliament recently, where the ocean energy included in the renewable energy as part of national energy mix, we hope that the government of Indonesia will publish feed in tariff for the ocean energy immediately.